Robert Hills Crohns Disease Story

Robert Hills Crohns Disease Story

Robert Hills Crohns Disease Story from Diagnosis to Summit

Facing Everest

In 2008, Robert Hill attempted to summit Mount Everest to raise awareness of Crohn’s disease. But trouble struck early in the climb, jeopardizing Robert’s dream of becoming the first person with an ostomy to scale the world’s highest mountain.

Bad Memories

Robert was flown back to his home in Vancouver, British Columbia, to be treated by his own medical team. His doctor determined that Robert had suffered an obstructed bowel. The pains on Everest brought back terrible memories of his Crohn’s diagnosis at age 23.

Robert Hills Crohns Disease Story

Robert Hills Crohns Disease Story

The Body Attacks Itself

Robert dwindled from a robust 185 pounds to a skeletal 105. At his weakest, the once avid climber, who had been taught as a boy to scale rocks by his father, could barely make it upstairs. It had become an exhausting process: Hold on to the handrail. Step up. Lift the other leg. Rest. His muscle mass gone, every step was painful.

Crohn’s disease is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the digestive tract. The body essentially attacks itself, triggering intense inflammation that wears away digestive organs, particularly the intestine. The cause is still a mystery, although research suggests that genetic and environmental factors play a role. Roughly 700,000 Americans live with Crohn’s disease. There is no known cure.

What is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease belongs to a group of conditions known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract.

When reading about inflammatory bowel diseases, it is important to know that Crohn’s disease is not the same thing as ulcerative colitis, another type of IBD. The symptoms of these two illnesses are quite similar, but the areas affected in the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) are different.

Crohn’s most commonly affects the end of the small bowel (the ileum) and the beginning of the colon, but it may affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, from the mouth to the anus. Ulcerative colitis is limited to the colon, also called the large intestine.

Experience Robert Hill’s Amazing Story Living with Crohn’s from Diagnosis to Summit

Robert Hill Amazing Story Living with Crohns

Healthy Gut Microbes

Healthy Gut Microbes

Healthy Gut Microbes Maintain Social Distance From Immune System, Study Finds

Gut microbes found in feces avoid triggering immune reactions that could lead to conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by creating a mucus barrier that separates them from immune cells, a study shows. The discovery helps explain why antibiotics can create digestive problems.

It also provides a path toward potential new IBD therapeutic strategies, researchers said. The study, “Proximal colon–derived O-glycosylated mucus encapsulates and modulates the microbiota,” was published in the journal Science.

Read Healthy Gut Microbes Maintain Social Distance From Immune System, Study Finds

Healthy Gut Microbes

What Crohns Disease?

What Crohns Disease?

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.

Crohn’s disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Crohn’s disease can be both painful and debilitating and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications.

What are the signs and symptoms of Crohn’s Disease?

What Crohns Disease

Crohn’s Disease signs and symptoms often include abdominal pain, diarrhea (which may be bloody if inflammation is severe), fever, and weight loss. Other complications may occur outside the gastrointestinal tract and include anemia, skin rashes, arthritis, swelling of the eye, and tiredness.

In some people with Crohn’s disease, only the last segment of the small intestine (ileum) is affected.

In others, the disease is located in the colon (part of the large intestine).

The most common areas affected by Crohn’s disease are the last part of the small intestine and the colon.

The skin rashes may be due to infections as well as pyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum.

Bowel obstruction may occur as a complication of chronic inflammation, and those with the disease are at higher risk of bowel cancer.

What Causes Crohn’s Disease?

 

While the cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown, it is believed to be due to a combination of environmental, immune, and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals.

It results in a chronic inflammatory disorder, in which the body’s immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract possibly directed at microbial antigens.

While Crohn’s is an immune-related disease, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease (in that the body itself is not triggering the immune system).

The exact underlying immune problem is not clear; however, it may be an immunodeficiency state.
About half of the overall risk is related to genetics with more than 70 genes found to be involved.

Will Smoking Worsen Crohn’s Disease?

Tobacco smokers are twice as likely to develop Crohn’s disease as nonsmokers.

It also often begins after gastroenteritis.
Stopping smoking is recommended in people with Crohn’s disease.

Some study findings including biopsy and appearance of the bowel wall, medical imaging and description of the disease.

Other conditions that can present similarly include irritable bowel syndrome and Behçet’s disease.

What Are the Cures For Crohn’s disease?

There are no medications or surgical procedures that can cure Crohn’s disease.

Treatment options are intended to help with symptoms, maintain remission, and prevent relapse.

In those newly diagnosed, a corticosteroid may be used for a brief period to rapidly improve symptoms alongside another medication such as either methotrexate or a thiopurine used to prevent recurrence.

While there’s no known cure for Crohn’s disease, therapies can significantly reduce its signs and symptoms and even bring about long-term remission.

With treatment, many people with Crohn’s disease can function well.

One in five people with the disease is admitted to hospital each year, and half of those with the disease will require surgery for the disease at some point over a ten-year period.

While surgery should be the last resort or as little as possible, it is necessary to address some abscesses, certain bowel obstructions, and cancers.

Do I Need Regular Colonoscopies?

Checking for bowel cancer via colonoscopy is recommended every few years, starting eight years after the disease has begun.

Crohn’s disease affects about 3.2 per 1,000 people in Europe and North America.

Rates have, however, been increasing, particularly in the developing world, since the 1970s.

Inflammatory bowel disease resulted in 47,400 deaths in 2015, and those with Crohn’s disease have a slightly reduced life expectancy.

Crohns Disease Risk Factors

Your Age

What age can Crohn’s disease occur? At any age, but you’re likely to develop the condition when you’re young.

Most people who develop Crohn’s disease get diagnosed before they’re 30 years old.

Ethnicity

Although Crohn’s disease can affect any ethnic group, whites, and people of Eastern European (Ashkenazi) Jewish descent have the highest risk.

However, the incidence of Crohn’s disease is increasing among blacks who live in North America and the United Kingdom.

Family history

You’re at higher risk if you have a close relative, such as a parent, sibling or child, with the disease.

As many as 1 in 5 people with Crohn’s disease has a family member with the disease.

Smoking

Cigarette or cigars smoking is the most important controllable risk factor for developing Crohn’s disease.

Smoking also leads to more severe disease and a higher risk of having surgery. If you smoke, it’s essential to stop.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications

These include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve), diclofenac sodium (Voltaren) and others.

While they do not cause Crohn’s disease, they can lead to inflammation of the bowel that makes Crohn’s disease worse.

Location Location Location Where you live. If you live in an urban area or an industrialized country, you’re more likely to develop Crohn’s disease.

This suggests that environmental factors, including a diet high in fat or refined foods, may play a role in Crohn’s disease.

Crohns Disease Complications

Bowel obstruction. Crohn’s disease affects the thickness of the intestinal wall.

Over time, parts of the bowel can scar and narrow, which may block the flow of digestive contents.

You may require surgery to remove the diseased portion of your bowel.

Ulcers. Chronic inflammation can lead to open sores (ulcers) anywhere in your digestive tract, including your mouth and anus, and in the genital area (perineum).

Fistulas Complications

Sometimes ulcers can extend completely through the intestinal wall, creating a fistula — an abnormal connection between different body parts.

Fistulas can develop between your intestine and skin, or between your gut and another organ. Fistulas near or around the anal area (perianal) are the most common kind.

When fistulas develop in the abdomen, food may bypass areas of the bowel that are necessary for absorption.

Where fistulas may occur between loops of intestine, into the bladder or vagina, or out through the skin, causing continuous drainage of bowel contents to your skin.

In some cases, a fistula may become infected and form an abscess, which can be life-threatening if not treated.

Anal Fissure. Small tear in the tissue that lines the anus or in the skin around the anus where infections can occur.

It’s often associated with painful bowel movements and may lead to a perianal fistula.

Malnutrition Complications

Diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramping may make it difficult for you to eat or for your intestine to absorb enough nutrients to keep you nourished.

It’s also common to develop anemia due to low iron or vitamin B-12 caused by the disease.

Colon cancer

Having Crohn’s disease that affects your colon increases your risk of colon cancer. General colon cancer screening guidelines for people without Crohn’s disease call for a colonoscopy every ten years beginning at age 50.

Ask your doctor whether you need to have this test done sooner and more frequently.

Other health problems. Crohn’s disease can cause problems in other parts of the body.

Among these problems are anemia, skin disorders, osteoporosis, arthritis, and gallbladder or liver disease.
Medication risks.

Specific Crohn’s disease drugs that act by blocking functions of the immune system are related to a small risk of developing cancers such as lymphoma and skin cancers. They also increase the risk of infection.

Corticosteroids can be associated with a risk of osteoporosis, bone fractures, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetes, and high blood pressure, among others. Work with your doctor to determine the risks and benefits of medications.

What Crohns Disease

Crohns Disease History

Crohns Disease History

Crohns Disease History

A disease within the substantial group of inflammatory digestive tract diseases (IBD), is known as Crohn’s disease after a famous gastroenterologist, Doctor. Burrill B. Crohn. Crohn’s disease, in the beginning, came to be referred to as a medical entity when it was described by Dr. Crohn, Dr. Leon Ginzburg, and Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer in 1932.

Quick Guide to Crohn’s Disease Symptoms

The symptoms of Crohn’s disease are similar to the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. However, a number of additional symptoms, not typically experienced in ulcerative colitis, may be experienced in patients with Crohn’s disease.
One problem that is very uncommon in ulcerative colitis, but may be seen in Crohn’s disease, is the occurrence of fistulas and abscesses around the anus and ulcers within the anal canal. The complications occur because of the tendency of Crohn’s disease to penetrate more deeply into the bowel lining.

Crohns Disease History

Crohns Disease History

The initial explanation of this ailment was previously expressed by the Italian physician Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) in 1769, while he clinically diagnosed a young man having a chronic, debilitating disease and diarrhea.

Consecutive cases ended up being described in 1898

John Berg and by Polish surgeon Antoni Lesniowski in 1904. In 1913, Scottish physician T. Kennedy Dalziel, at the meeting of the British Medical Association, described nine cases in which the patients suffered from intestinal obstruction.

On close examination of the inflamed bowel, the transmural inflammation that is characteristic of the disease was clearly evident. Abdominal cramps, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss were observed in most patients, particularly young adults, in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1923, surgeons at the Mt Sinai Hospital in New York identified 12 patients with similar symptoms. Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, in 1930, pointed out similar findings in two patients whom he was treating.

On May 13, 1932, Dr. Crohn and his colleagues,

Oppenheimer and Ginzburg, presented a paper on Terminal Ileitis, describing the features of Crohn’s disease to the American Medical Association.

This was published later that year as a landmark article in the Journal of the American Medical Association with the title “Regional Ileitis: A Pathologic and Chronic Entity.” The JAMA article was published at a time when the medical community was interested in new findings.

The findings were given significant recognition, while the Dalziel article in the British Medical Journal of 1913 was not. It is by virtue of alphabetization rather than the contribution that Crohn’s name appeared as the first author. This was the first time the condition was reported in a widely-read journal, and the disease came to be known as Crohn’s disease.

Crohns Disease History

Iceland Trek 2018

Iceland Trek 2018

Iceland Trek 2018 Get Ready For IDEAS Trek To Iceland 2018, To bring Ostomy Support, awareness of intestinal diseases, Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Colorectal Cancer, Celiac Disease. What Causes it, Symptoms, Tests, Treatment, Prognosis Complications, education; participants, and public awareness campaigns.

IDEAS provides quality of life-enhancing programs for children and young adults afflicted with intestinal diseases and their families.

Walk the most famous hiking trail of Iceland with a professional guide.

Seven-day vehicle assisted hike/trek from hut to hut.

By combining two of Iceland’s best-known hikes, you get an unbelievable seven-day trek through incredibly diverse landscapes. From the famous geothermal area of Landmannalaugar to the ever so popular waterfall of Skógar. This path takes us through it all; over multicolored hills and black sands, alongside small gullies and great canyons, through verdurous valleys, between glamorous glaciers, and past wonderful waterfalls. This is a memorable hike littered with contracts giving you a chance to absorb the true spirit of this remarkable country. Accommodations will be provided in comfortable mountain huts

Iceland Trek 2018

Iceland Trek 2018

Total distance: 78 km. (48 miles)
Altitude: 150 – 1100 m. (490 – 3600 feet)
Maximum ascent: 1000 m (3280 feet)

Included: Guide for 7 days, transportation to and from Reykjavík, food for 7 days (from lunch day 1 to lunch day 7), mountain hut fees, cooking gear and transfer of luggage.

Minimum age 16 years

*About the mountain huts: All of the huts are heated, some have electricity and some have hot water. They have dormitories with, single and twin beds, participants have to be prepared to share a bunk with other travelers from the group.

You can add a pickup and drop off at your accommodation in Reykjavík at the beginning/end of the tour for 4.400 ISK.

Read More: Trek Iceland 2018 IDEAS Iceland trek Supporting people with IBD
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Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease

Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease

Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease

OMAHA — Kathleen Baker stared at the seemingly simple question on the form distributed to members of the United States Olympic swim team. What challenges did she have to overcome on her way to qualifying for the Rio de Janeiro Games?

Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease

Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease

For Baker, one of about 700,000 Americans who have Crohn’s disease

The answer could fill a 70-page spiral notebook, and it is not as easy as WebMD. How does one begin to explain the physical and psychosocial challenges of living with a disease a chronic, recalcitrant gastrointestinal inflammation that can be embarrassing to talk about? How could she describe the medications that can lose their efficacy over time or a fatigue so fathomless it can sap your will?

Baker, 19, has fought to prevent her health challenges from defining her. Talking for the first time about her condition, she said: “I found doctors who weren’t going to be just like, ‘You’re Kathleen with Crohn’s disease.’ I need to be Kathleen the swimmer with Crohn’s disease.”

Baker, who qualified for the Olympics in the backstroke

Perhaps a relay seven years after receiving the life-altering diagnosis, will not be the first American Olympian with Crohn’s. The kayaker Carrie Johnson, now retired, made the first of three Olympic teams in 2004, a year after she was found to have the disease. Other prominent athletes who have the condition include the N.F.L. quarterback David Garrard, who had a foot of his intestines removed, and the former N.H.L. player Kevin Dineen, who played 16 seasons after learning he had Crohn’s.

Michael Kappelman

a pediatric gastroenterologist at the University of North Carolina who has treated Baker since she was 15, said his patients’ goals typically revolve around making sure the disease does not derail their dreams of going to college, getting married, having children or pursuing a career.

But going to the Olympics? When he started treating Baker, Kappelman said, he was not at all sure that was realistic.

Read full article: Swimmer Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohn’s Disease to Become an Olympian

Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohns Disease